There are ten brain domains which must be individually assessed to diagnose FASD. These include cognition (IQ), adaptive function (daily living skills), language, motor skills, attention, memory, executive function (reasoning and consequential thinking), scholastic function, neuroanatomy/neurophysiology (such as small head circumference or unexplained seizures) and emotion regulation (anxiety or depressive disorders, including labile or changeable mood).
You can download our info-sheet on the ten brain domains here.
In the first instance, if you know or suspect your tamariki has had prenatal alcohol exposure, it can be a good idea to go to your doctor for advice or for a referral to a community paediatrician. Be aware, however, that many caregivers have reported having to educate their GP about FASD so seeking a referral may be the better option.
Please note, there is much more information about the the process of diagnosis on our 'Understanding FASD' page.